You are here

Magistrate Judge Peter B. Silvain, Jr.



Walter H. Rice Federal Building & U.S. Courthouse
Room 523
200 West Second Street
Dayton, OH 45402
Phone: (937) 512-1620


On May 10, 2021, Judge Peter B. Silvain, Jr. was appointed as a United States Magistrate Judge for the Southern District of Ohio. Prior to this he served as a Federal Administrative Law Judge for the U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of Administrative Law Judges from 2011-2021 and for the Social Security Administration from 2009-2011.

Judge Silvain received his B.A. with honors from Mount Saint Mary’s College, attended graduate school in public health at Johns Hopkins University, and received his J.D. from the Washington and Lee University School of Law. 

Judge Silvain served as a law clerk for Judge William Cave, Chief Judge of the Sixth Circuit of Maryland and as an interim clerk for Judge John McAuliffe on the Maryland Court of Appeals. He worked in private practice for several years as a litigator with Semmes, Bowen & Semmes in Baltimore, Maryland and Samek, McMillan & Metro in Rockville, Maryland. He also served as an Assistant County Attorney for Montgomery County, Maryland. In 2001, he joined the U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of the Solicitor, where he represented the Department in employment related litigation before administrative appellate boards, the U.S. District Courts, and many of the U.S. Courts of Appeal around the country. For over a decade, Judge Silvain was an adjunct professor of Health Care Law and Administration at the Columbia Union College in Maryland. Since 2019 he has been an Adjunct Law Professor for the University of Dayton School of Law teaching Health Care Law, and starting in 2021, teaching Administrative Law. Additionally, Judge Silvain serves as a Faculty Assistant for the National Judicial College in their judicial mediation training program.

Judge Silvain is a member of the Board of Directors of the Dayton Chapter of the Federal Bar Association, the Dayton Bar Association, Greater Dayton Area Diversity, Inclusion & Equity Roundtable, American Bar Association, Federal Administrative Law Judge Conference, and National Conference of the Administrative Judiciary. He has been admitted to practice before the Maryland State Bar and the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Maryland. Additionally, he has been admitted to practice on behalf of the United States Government in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California and the U.S. Courts of Appeal for the Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Seventh, and Ninth Circuits.